An industrial injury is any bodily injury sustained while working. Each year thousands of Americans die from on the job injuries, and many more are injured. The most usual organs involved in on the job injuries are: back, neck, hands, head, lungs, eyes, and skin.
Common causes of work injuries are poor ergonomics (such as an office employee with an improperly fitted chair and desk height), misuse of failure of equipment, exposure to general hazards, and inadequate safety training, an example of which would be clothing, jewelry, or hair that becomes entangled in machinery.
The most common hazards in a work environment include electricity, fire, flammable gases, heat, height, sharp moving machinery, poisonous gases, toxic materials, and explosive materials. These factors can lead to such injuries as: asbestosis, repetitive strain injury, and Silicosis. Some of the most dangerous industries for workers include: timber cutting, fishing, pilots/navigators, structural metal workers, drivers–sales workers, roofing, and farm occupations.
For example, for every 100,000 timber cutters, on average about 118 workers die each year and thousands are injured. The higher the risk of injury the greater the employer pays in premiums. For example in Washington State, the State's Department of Labor and Industries sets the amount the employer has to pay for workers compensation insurance. Some select jobs in the logging industry incur a charge as high as ten dollars per hour for workers compensation coverage, while for a less risky occupation such as a clerical worker, the rate may be as low as eleven cents for each hour worked.