Employees of the U.S. government have separate laws for workers injured on the job. Federal employee workers compensation claims are handled under the Federal Employment Compensation Act (FECA), which provides compensation for non–military, federal employees. Many of FECAs provisions are typical of most state workers compensation laws.
Awards for injured workers are limited to disability or death sustained while the performance of the employee's duties. Federal employee workers compensation claims can be denied if it is found that the injuries were caused willfully by the employee or by intoxication.
FECA covers medical expenses resulting from on the job injuries and may require the employee to undergo job retraining. If an employee is unable to work, they receive two third of his or her normal salary during the period of disability. Injured workers are also eligible for compensation for permanent injuries, which can be greater if there are dependents. FECA also provides compensation to families for employees who are killed on the job.
If an employee's claim is denied or the claimant is not agreement with the disability rating, the case may be heard by an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ), which is a division of the U.S. Department of Labor. The ALJ can rule on the claimant's claim based on the evidence and testimony provided at the hearing.
FECA is administered by the Office of Workers' Compensation Programs (OWCP), which is a division of the United States Department of Labor. The OWCP administers four major disability programs: federal workers, energy employees (nuclear industry), longshore and harbor workers, and coalminers.
The OWCP provides services that may include wage replacement benefits, medical treatment, vocational rehabilitation and other benefits to certain workers whom experience a work–related injury or occupational disease or their dependents.